Huang Jie

Name in Chinese
Name in Wade-Giles
Huang Chieh
Related People

Biography in English

Huang Chieh (1874-January 1935), poet, scholar known for his studies of the Six Dynasties period, and teacher. Although he was one of the founders of the Xan-she (1908;, he preferred the Sung style to that of T'ang. A native of Shunte, Kwangtung, Huang Chieh received his early classical training from Chien Ch'ao-liang, a disciple of the renowned Cantonese scholar Chu Tz'u-ch'i, and distinguished himself as a student at the Kuang-ya Academy in Canton. Because the possibility of China's being partitioned after the Boxer Uprising worried him, Huang left Kwangtung for Shanghai, where, together with Teng Shih and Liu Shih-p'ei (q.v.) he founded in 1905 the Kuo-hsueh pao-ts'un-hui [association for the preservation of classical Chinese learning], to which he contributed money and 4,000 books and for which he made special efforts to find books outlawed by the Ch'ing government. He wrote many articles for the journal Kuo-ts'ui hsueh-pao [national essence]. In addition, he was one of the founders of the Nan-she [the southern association], established in Soochow in 1908, which was supported by a group of prominent poets with strong nationalist sentiments.

In the early years of the republican era, Huang Chieh returned to Kwangtung as director of Provincial High College, but he soon left for north China to teach at National Peking University. When Yuan Shih-k'ai was about to proclaim himself monarch, Huang left Peking for Kwangtung, where he served briefly as provincial minister of education. He advocated a coeducational system, but this reform proved premature. Consequently, he resigned and returned to his teaching position in Peking. By happy coincidence, two girl students were admitted to National Peking University in February 1920. This innovation was adopted by Kwangtung public schools in 1921.

Huang Chieh is best remembered as a poet. He preferred the Sung style to that of T'ang, and he had highest regard for the elegant style ofCh'enShih-tao (1053-1101) and for the work of Ku Yen-wu (ECCP, I, 421-26). In this particular respect he differed from his cofounders of the Nan-she, most of whom were faithful followers of Kung Tzu-chen (ECCP, I, 431-34). Huang's collected poems were published as Chien-chia-lou shih. The majority of the poems were first published in chronological sequence in the Hsueh-heng [critical review]. Huang is also known for his studies of the poetry of the Six Dynasties period. He annotated and collated the poetic works of Ts'ao Ts'ao (150-220), Ts'ao P'ei (190-252), and Ts'ao Jui (205-239) in Wei Wen-Wu-Ming-ti shih chu. He performed similar labors for Juan Chi (210-263) in Juan Pu-ping yu'ng-huai-shih chu, Hsieh Ling-yün (385-433) in Hsieh K'ang-lo shih chu, and Pao Chao (421-465) in Pao Ts'an-chün shih chu. In addition, Huang selected and collated popular songs of the Han-Wei period (206 B.C.-265 A.D.) in his Han-Wei yüeh-fu feng chien. Huang Chieh died in Peiping in January 1935.

Biography in Chinese









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